Privatization of common land
Enclosure of the commons
Overriding of rights to common property
Expropriation of common land by private landlords
Vanishing public land
Limited public land
Scarcity of corporate land
When common land is privatized it passes into the hands of people whose priority is to profit from it, often by selecting the most profitable product and limiting the use of the land to the production of it. This is to be contrasted with use by traditional rural communities of such land to supply most of their needs (fuel, food, housing, medicine, fabrics). They were therefore forced to maintain a variety of habitats in which a wide range of species could flourish.
The expropriation of common land commenced prior to the process of industrialization, often centuries ago. The dispossessed commoners were forced to become vagrants and outlaws, without any permission to work.
While in industrialized countries communities are trying to defend their landscapes for spiritual and aesthetic reasons, in many countries the very survival of individuals in communities is at stake. Whether meadow land or rainforest, the future of the global environment depends on the outcome of the struggle between those who wish to defend common land and those who wish to enclose it.
Common property will always be destroyed because the gain that individuals make by overexploiting it will outweigh the loss they suffer as a result of its overexploitation. This demonstrates the value of privatizing land and justifies the massive transfer of land from tribal peoples to the state or to individuals.