Body performance art originated in the 1970's, and along with many harmless performances included an artist who shot himself, and another who sliced his penis like a salami.
In 1993, a 46 year old French artist had her face "sculpted" by a plastic surgeon to resemble pieces of famous paintings, including the forehead of Leonardo's Mona Lisa and the chin of Botticelli's Venus. A one-hour live TV broadcast, and a five-hour video of the operation was made. It was described as an external transformation of identity to match the change in internal identity which has taken place in the woman as a result of 23 years of psychoanalysis. The pop singer, Michael Jackson, has transformed his appearance by changing his skin colour and many aspects of his facial structure. Many other popular artists use plastic surgery, tattooing, and other body changes as if it were an art object.
Tattooing and body piercing can cause infections; most risky is the transmission of HIV or Hepatitis B through unsterilized needles.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.