2. Welfare cultures foster an entitlement mentality. This weakens the mainspring of individual striving for upward mobility.
3. By intervening directly and depriving society of its responsibility, the social assistance state leads to a loss of human energies and an inordinate increase of public agencies, which are dominated more by bureaucratic ways of thinking than by concern for serving their clients, and which are accompanied by an enormous increase in spending. In fact, it would appear that needs are best understood and satisfied by people who are closest to them and who act as neighbours to those in need. It should be added that certain kinds of demands often call for a response which is not simply material but which is capable of perceiving the deeper human need. One thinks of the condition of refugees, immigrants, the elderly, the sick, and all those in circumstances which call for assistance, such as drug abusers: all these people can be helped effectively only by those who offer them genuine fraternal support, in addition to the necessary care. (Papal Encyclical, Centesimus Annus, 1 May 1991).
4. Poverty is not an economic issue but a moral one. Welfare systems subsidize the pathological behavior that consigns people to hopeless poverty.
2. Reducing welfare benefits consigns people to deeper poverty in the name of saving them from debt.