The desire for participation on the political and economic level implies a desire for a share in 'real' power affecting people's lives. Failure to concede this may be masked by giving participation in consultation but not in decision-making. Cooperatives are a more complete form of economic participation, but management of the cooperative may also favour certain individuals over others. Socialist countries are more advanced in participation at all levels of society in economic life and in the life of the community, but not in political life.
2. How can we reverse this trend and establish areas of democracy and civic involvement? How can politicians, institution and organizations develop community structures that are truly subordinate to their ultimate aims, namely democracy, citizenship and solidarity?