In order to avoid responsibility for what may or will go wrong with a new programme initiative, it is in the interest of both the formulators and the agencies responsible for funding to fragment the field of analysis and to base their recommendations on limited information from reputable sources. If the programme subsequently fails or gives rise to other problems, the blame can then be shifted onto those supplying the information, especially other agencies. When such shortcomings manifest, those originally involved will already have moved on to other responsibilities. Short of criminal neglect, neither group can then be held directly responsible. Difficulties can also be conveniently blamed on the problems inherent in the situation, especially in developing societies.