Impairments of cardiovascular system function
Cardiovascular diseases, the main causes of invalidism and premature death in economically developed countries, have been increasing in incidence as average life expectancy increases. It has been shown that urbanization - which increases stress and makes for irregular eating habits (fast food and prepared foods) - plays a significant role in cardiovascular diseases. Major risk factors for heart disease are depression, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes and excess weight.
Cardiovascular diseases include endocarditis, which is the main cause of acquired heart diseases; arteriosclerosis, the most widespread arterial disease; arteritis; and myocardial ischaemia, which is the major cause of death attributed to cardiovascular diseases.