Inequitable conditions of employment for migrant workers
Project-tied migration, which drains skills often in short supply in migrant-sending countries and generally disrupts family life, is subject to abuse particularly at the stages of recruitment and the start of work. Virtually every aspect of the migrant workers' daily life is under the protection and control of their employers. They may be forbidden to form unions and may find that their individual contracts provide the only means of bargaining. Government-determined minimum requirements for accommodation in the camps (standards of living space, sanitary and recreation facilities, medical care) are often neither met nor strictly enforced. Work-related deaths and injuries are high and compensation is either non-existent or very inadequate.