Exogenous economic conditions hindering development
All countries, but particularly developing ones, are vulnerable to violent disturbances in world, regional or bilateral economic relations and conditions. Import costs and export earnings vary unfavourably with exchange rate fluctuations, the volume of trade is negatively impacted by recession, and world interest rates and inflation may be susceptible to erratic but persistent increases. Other foreign constraints on domestic conditions are oil price increases and disturbances due to wars or hostile actions. The inadequacies of developing countries' reserves are apparent when externally caused crises emerge.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.