Threatened biodiversity hotspots

Other Names:
Endangered biological diversity hot-spot
Relict islands of high biodiversity
Isolated Holocene refugia

The Caribbean, the Philippines and Madagascar rank the highest priority of hotspots, based on total plant and vertebrate diversity and endemism. Regions with high levels of endangered species, include Brazil's Cerrado, Central Chile, the Mountains of South-Central China, western Ecuador and the Caucasus. The 'hot spots' (where the disappearance of already-threatened moist tropical forest would cause the greatest losses of biodiversity) include the remaining forests in Philippines, peninsular Malaysia, northwestern Borneo, the eastern Himalayas, the Western Ghats in India, southeastern Sri Lanka and New Caledonia.

The Cape Floral Kingdom in South Africa has the highest recorded species diversity for any similar sized temperate or tropical region in the world. The Cape Floral Kingdom is the world's 'hottest hotspot' of global conservation concern due to the risks and threats currently facing the area. South Africa is the only country on Earth to have within its national confines such an entire plant kingdom - one of just six in the world.

Biosciences Biology
Problem Type:
D: Detailed problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST