Nomads in developing countries may be the least privileged as regards education, since they are isolated from educational facilities and may find it impossible to attend school regularly. Inaccessibility also works against them in health matters; and in the event of drought, the administration of food aid may be difficult. Inefficient use of limited resources and grazing of nomadic flocks, in particular goats, cause soil erosion and strain existing limited pasture, so that development of the area may be hampered. With desert irrigation and reclamation programmes, it is important for the authorities to control both the animal population and the high birth rate among nomads. The incentives given to make nomads comply with these policies imply their settling in one place and relinquishing nomadism.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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