Under the guise of international socialist cooperation some states dominated others militarily. Through their military capabilities they were enabled to dictate favourable economic treaties or agreements and eventually culturally dominate what was then a neo-colonized nation or region. One very evident form of this was the imposition of the dominating country's language.
Both the former National Socialist government of Germany and the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) colonized adjoining nations and regions. The former Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the former sovereign nations of Georgia and Armenia were losing their ethnic and linguistic identity prior to the breakdown of the former Soviet Union. Attempts were also made to colonize Afghanistan. In the Caribbean, socialist colonization is extending from Cuba, and in North Africa from Libya.