Myopathy associated with congenital articular rigidity

Other Names:
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita refers to a variety of conditions that involve congenital limitation of joint movement.

There are two major types of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC):

Amyoplasia (classic arthrogryposis): Multiple symmetric contractures occur in the limbs. Affected muscles are hypoplastic and have fibrous and fatty degeneration. Usually intelligence is normal. About 10% of patients have abdominal abnormalities (eg, gastroschisis, bowel atresia) due to a lack of muscle formation. Nearly all cases are sporadic.

Distal arthrogryposis: The hands and feet are involved, but the large joints are typically spared. Distal arthrogryposes are a heterogeneous group of disorders, many of which are associated with a specific gene defect in one of a number of genes that encode components of the contractile apparatus. Many distal arthrogryposes are transmitted as autosomal dominant disorders, but x-linked mutations are known.


Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
Problem Type:
G: Very specific problems
Date of last update
17.10.2021 – 11:15 CEST