The right to counsel presupposes that the services of counsel are given competently, diligently and fearlessly. Discriminatory factors limit access to the legal profession and harm the observance of this right, since they make it less likely that every accused, no matter of what race, colour, sex, or political beliefs, will find a competent lawyer willing to take up his case with proper devotion. Furthermore, the exclusion of persons from the legal profession may result in inequality in the administration of justice, since access to the profession influences the whole judicial system in many countries. The inability or unwillingness to provide interpreters or translators for minorities who require legal services but who are unable to speak or write the official language(s), is a serious limitation of their rights. Individuals who cannot communicate adequately with court or probation officers may be imprisoned or placed in custodial institutions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.