Persons may be detained in police, prisons or other facilities without being allowed to notify family or friends of their arrest and place of custody. Frequently other branches of government, like the judicial, are notified as required by law. Persons may be moved from one facility to another. Detainees may be denied any communication with the outside for any reason, such as need for medical attention. Interrogation can take place without interference from lawyers, family or friends of the detainee. The marks of torture also disappear. If the victim dies, the body can be disposed of without having to explain the death. Incommunicado detention re-enforces the victim's sense of isolation and powerlessness. Those most likely to be tortured are those held incommunicado.
Incommunicado detention has been reported in the following countries:
For security reasons a person must be held incommunicado for a certain period in order to collect information and evidence which under no circumstances should be allowed to come to the knowledge of his accomplices. Should he have the right to see his counsel or his relatives, vital information might be leaked to the outside world.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.