Bulk food crops have to be split into easily transportable packages for distribution to the consumer. However, much food is lost through improper or inadequate packaging. In tropical developing countries, with high temperatures and high humidity, special problems arise due to insect infestation, rodents and mould growth; and almost all packaging materials may be attacked by rats and mice. Developing countries may find it especially difficult to ensure adequate packaging because of the limited supply of packaging materials and the obsolescence of packaging machinery available.
Estimates of losses of up to 40% due to improper packaging are characteristic of insect-infested foods. Large harvests of produce in Central America do not reach the people simply because there is a lack of processing and packing equipment and such countries import canned food from developed countries. In Chile, olive spoilage was reduced by 60% when proper packaging technology was applied.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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