As entry into jobs has come to depend more and more on formal qualifications and diplomas, attendance at courses has become mandatory for an ever-lengthening list of occupations, while entry on personal recommendations is relied on less frequently, especially in low-level and routine jobs, and advancement through on-the-job performance or training is becoming less frequent. Indirect consequences have been the lengthening in school life, encouragement of diploma hunting, and proliferation of private schools and courses in developed as well as developing countries, some of which have been a lucrative source of income for their organizers but are of dubious academic or professional worth.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.