Peat is decayed, fibrous substance consisting of partially decomposed and disintegrated mosses, sedges, trees, grasses, reeds, algae etc. in a water-saturated environment. It has traditionally served as an alternative fuelwood for household purposes in rural areas. It has a high moisture content that has to be reduce before usage, but in comparison with fossil fuels very low sulphur dioxide emissions. The exploitation of peat land on a large scale can affect ecology, climate and hydrology, dust may cause itching and symptoms of rhinitis. However, peat land utilization provides energy and land for agriculture or forestry.