Denial of right to walk in the country Denial of the right to roam the countryside
It is a known fact that people only feel comfortable when they have access to the countryside, experience of open fields and agriculture, and access to wild plants and birds and animals; yet the growth of cities makes this increasingly difficult as continuous sprawling urbanization destroys life and makes cities unbearable. Consequently, countryside has become a mass phenomenon, but people do not have a access to the whole countryside, only to public footpaths, national parks and access agreement lands.
A Gallup poll in 1972 in the USA gave strong evidence that people living in cities need contact with the true rural land. The poll asked the question, 'If you could live anywhere, would you prefer a city, suburban area, small town or farm ?' It received the following answers from 1465 people: city 13%; suburb 13%; small town 32%; farm 23%.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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