Isolation from other human beings is used in a number of ways as torture, including solitary confinement. Generally, in its extreme form the prisoner never sees another human being for months at a time and when he does it is his torturers. In less extreme forms prisoners are denied the right to receive visitors or access to medical or legal assistance as punishments. In some cases access to the prisoner is only made available after a confession or other incriminating evidence has been obtained and formal legal charges have been made.
Social isolation has been reported in the following countries: