Shortage of sand and gravel


Sand is used throughout industry. From the glass in mobile phones to base for roads, sand is used across the economy. In fact, sand and gravel are the most extracted materials on the planet, exceeding that of fossil fuels.


Nature reported in 2019 that illegal sand mining is happening in about 70 countries and hundreds of people have been killed in battles over sand in the previous decade.

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
Problem Type:
G: Very specific problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST