Village solidarity with industrialization Social price of industrialization
Local industrialization gives an added impetus to the commercialization of services which were formerly carried out within the subsistence economy as social duties. Customs of mutual aid and communal cooperation, even among kinfolk, tend to be undermined by the penetration of the exchange system upon which development of secondary industry necessarily depends. With increased competition and individualism, a decline in communal spirit and village solidarity seems on occasion to have been part of the social price paid for expansion of industry.
In the urban environment, manufacturing industry may often be a stabilizing influence, creating: regular employment in place of the irregularities of tribal agriculture; new loyalties to new communities; new skills; and a new pride in work. It may make possible the building up of social amenities such as schools, libraries and cinemas, which are an integrating force.
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