Unnecessary diagnostic surgery Invasive medical tests
Successful diagnosis of illness can often be achieved by more than one route. Non-invasive diagnostic tests are usually preferred to surgerical procedures by patients as they have fewer unpleasant side effects and cause less pain, while doctors and hospital management prefer them because they can be conducted quickly and the patient does not need to be hospitalized.
Biopsy of breast or axillar material is needed for diagnosing the extent of breast cancer. A new technique, sentinel node biopsy, is less aggressive than axillary dissection, the traditional surgical procedure.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.