Bullying among prisoners Harassment amongst prisoners Intimidation of prisoners by other inmates Crime in prisons Inmate killing
Under certain conditions prisoners act violently against each other. In addition to many forms of intimidation, forced homosexuality, and general harassment, this may include knifing and murder. Sex offenders are especially vulnerable.
In the USA the prisons themselves are so rife with crime, feuds and violence that about 8% require protective custody for fear of retribution for sex offences (some committed against other prisoners), for fear of homosexual attacks, because of unpaid debts amongst prisoners. In 1980, rioting prisoners in the Santa Fe penitentiary used blow torches and knives to slaughter (and in some cases decapitate) 36 other inmates.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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