Distortion of international trade by minimum pricing regulations and other measures to regulate domestic prices
Protection and commodity price support by governments have resulted in widely divergent producer prices in different countries. Although this intervention has brought stability to national markets, it tends to hinder the process of adjustment to supply and demand. The policy decisions of official agencies will often be widely different from the responses of producers, traders, and consumers in a free economy. Import demand is rendered less sensitive to offers. Exporting countries are strongly motivated to protect their producers from serious price falls in the international market.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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