Ocular albinism

Ocular albinism in an inherited condition in which the eyes lack melanin pigment. This causes various vision problems. The eye problems of albinism are: (1) nystagmus (involuntary side-to-side) movement of the eyes; (2) strabismus ("crossed" or "lazy" eyes); (3) light sensitivity; and (4) decreased acuity (20/60 to 20/400). People with ocular albinism may have slight lightening of hair and skin colours as well, compared to other family members.

Reduced visual acuity may result in difficulty in school, such as inability to read what is written on a chalkboard except when very close, and difficulty with ball sports. It may also result in inability to drive and place limitation on vocational choice. Parents and persons with ocular albinism often feel anger and shame about the condition and try to deny it or pretend it does not exist. This can result in the person with albinism experiencing low self esteem, difficulties in relationships with others, and low functioning in school and work.

Broader Problems:
Problem Type:
G: Very specific problems
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
Date of last update
08.09.1998 – 00:00 CEST