Women farmers tend to be ignored by programmes designed to improve agricultural production, even though they play a critical role in food production. In view of the woman farmer's great responsibility in the home and family and on the farm, particular importance should be given to the development of personality, promotion of the will to learn, mobility and self-determination. However, women farmers are usually not kept in touch with current political and social developments. Training courses whereby each individual can advance both within and outside his or her field of activity are usually not designed so that women farmers can attend them without problems of time or money. Further training courses do not cover a sufficiently wide range of subjects to facilitate a more modern form of organization of household, family and farm duties. Agricultural further training does not always take account of the specific needs of women farmers who have come from other backgrounds; it is rarely accompanied by general, political and social adult education courses.
Women form a large agricultural labour force in Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and in sub-Saharan Africa most food is grown by women. Most agricultural programmes tend to neglect the needs of women farmers.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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