Problem

Long-range transboundary air pollution

Other Names:
Export of air pollution
Distant air pollution effects
Reduction of air quality in adjoining states
Nature:

Measures taken by many industrialized countries in the 1970s to control urban and industrial air pollution (i.e. high chimney stacks) quite unintentionally sent increasing amounts of pollution across national boundaries in industrialized countries. During transport in the atmosphere, emissions of sulphur and nitrogen oxides and volatile hydrocarbons are transformed into sulphuric and nitric acids, ammonium salts and ozone. They fall to the ground, sometimes hundreds of thousands of kilometres from their origins, as dry particles or in rain, snow, frost, fog, and dew.

Incidence:

The UK is the biggest source of lead pollution in the North Sea and of pollution causing acid rain in Norway. 93% of sulphur deposited in Austria (mostly as acid rain) has its origin outside the country, principally arising from the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and former East Germany.

Related Problems:
Chemical trespass
Strategies:
Strengthening regional cooperation on transboundary air pollution control
Applying polluter-pays principle
Integrating transboundary air pollution monitoring with environmental monitoring
Agreeing standard procedures for monitoring transboundary air pollution
Developing technologies to control transboundary air pollution
Exchanging meteorological information on transboundary air pollution
Mapping pollutant pathways for transboundary air pollution
Agreeing timeframes for measurement of transboundary air pollution
Monitoring environmental effects of transboundary air pollution
Developing government/industry covenants to control transboundary air pollution
Mediating transboundary air pollution disputes
Developing environmental education on transboundary air pollution
Establishing scientific dose/effect relationship for transboundary air pollution
Integrating national and international monitoring programmes for transboundary air pollution
Monitoring ambient concentrations of transboundary air pollution
Monitoring effects of air pollution on human health
Developing national emission level standards for new mobile source air pollution
Developing national policy to control transboundary air pollution
Promoting research and development in transboundary air pollution control
Developing national strategies to control transboundary air pollution
Developing national emission level standards
Controlling emissions of volatile organic compounds
Promoting traffic management schemes to reduce transboundary air pollution
Developing government/industry voluntary agreements to control transboundary air pollution
Monitoring effects of transboundary air pollution in water
Employing critical load assessment for transboundary air pollution
Exchanging information on control technologies for transboundary air pollution
Monitoring effects of transboundary air pollution in soil
Developing transmission models for transboundary air pollution
Labelling products that cause transboundary air pollution
Researching effects of air pollution on human health
Providing impact information for transboundary air pollution
Reducing national annual emissions of nitrogen oxides
Researching environmental effects of transboundary air pollution
Developing national emission level standards for mobile source air pollution
Providing information about national strategies to control transboundary air pollution
Agreeing size of grid-units for measuring transboundary air pollution
Assessing alternative measures for controlling transboundary air pollution
Exchanging physico-chemical information relating to transboundary air pollution
Monitoring emission rates of transboundary air pollution
Monitoring effects of transboundary pollution in vegetation
Formulating future control strategies for transboundary air pollution
Exchanging information to control transboundary air pollution
Agreeing size of flux-units for measuring transboundary air pollution
Agreeing standards for information exchange on transboundary air pollution
Exchanging information on transmission processes leading to transboundary air pollution
Exchanging biological information relating to transboundary air pollution
Establishing monitoring stations for transboundary air pollution
Informing about industrial development decisions affecting transboundary air pollution
Exchanging information on costs of control technologies for transboundary air pollution
Involving local communities in pollution control
Controlling transboundary air pollution
Monitoring air quality
Monitoring distant air pollution
Problem Type:
D: Detailed problems
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Date of last update
22.05.2019 – 17:10 CEST