Even when facilities exist, the poor are bewildered or turned off by the way they are treated. Or they simply may not know about the existence of the facility or how to get to it.
For example, a 1981 survey of a major city in South Asia showed that not one child was immunized adequately with the DPT and polio vaccines; only a few were protected against measles and the majority went without immunization of any kind. The children surveyed were all attending government-aided nurseries, for which government aided grants provided for periodic visits of medical professionals, and there was a primary health care centre in the neighbourhood.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.