Doping is a fraudulent method of obtaining an advantage over sports competitors and it is the cause of accidents that are often severe and sometimes fatal. Some athletes may use certain chemical substances, particularly hormone derivatives and stimulants, to artificially and temporarily increase their natural capacity. Such drugs are banned, mainly because of their potential harmful effects on health, but also because they are likely to endanger the generally accepted terms on which loyalty to sport is based.
In 1960, during the Olympic Games in Rome, different sources confirm that a cyclist died as a result of taking amphetamines. Since then there have been numerous doping suspicions and claims. In 1964, at the Olympic Games in Tokyo, some doping controls were set up. However, doping in sport has not diminished but, on the contrary, has expanded at a breathtaking pace in professional and elite sports circles.
The desire to win at all costs drives some to turn to illegal and totally unfair means in order to ensure that the athletes in their charge gain an advantage over their rivals. As means of detection have improved, they now attempt to cheat scientifically by artificially inducing natural physiological reactions, or by attempting with various tricks to hide the evidence of these manipulations. Such behaviour makes a mockery of the very essence of sport, and of the soul of what our predecessors, like ourselves, consider to be sacrosanct ideals: the inner desire to surpass one's own limits, the social need to compete with others, to find one's identity within society and to develop at all levels.