Conflicting concepts of conservation

Experimental visualization of narrower problems

In the 19th century, Western philosophers concerned with nature protection began to divide into two camps: utilitarians concerned with obtaining the greatest benefit from natural resources for the greatest number of people and romantics bent on protecting wildlife and wilderness for its own sake and at practically any human cost.


Conflict between indigenous ideas of land management and those of Western science and organisations, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that run conservation projects or pressure groups with "media agendas."< Conflict between centrally-planned, capital-intensive economic development to boost national wealth, and locally-based development from the "grass roots" up.

Conflicts arising from "globalisation" of the world economy, which can force poor countries to stake all on earning foreign currency by selling off natural assets.

Conflicts over international (western) concerns for popularly prized or "charismatic" wildlife species such as tigers, pandas, elephants and rhinos.

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 15: Life on Land
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST