Unprofitable small-scale production techniques Nonevident monetary rewards from local industry Projected minimal return from local enterprise
Rapid urban industrialization around the world has been followed by many rural communities starting small-scale industrial operations, using locally available human and natural resources, in the hope of providing an adequate economic base for the whole community. Such development has, however, been patchy. There are untapped skills and industrial possibilities in many such communities which local residents would like to find a way to exploit. Some communities have not established factories or commercial operations at all, while in others the scope of such industrial operation is unprofitable. There are various reasons for this: the infrastructure may be extremely limited; transportation costs for any industry are high, and agriculture and home production patterns are not geared toward reaching the greatest possible number of buyers; home production of clothing, woodwork or other items may not have been exploited for market sales. Meanwhile, families are split as children and parents search for work outside their villages, despite the desire locally for residents to return to the community and that sufficient earnings should be available to sustain them.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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