Undeveloped potential of informal leadership Leadership inhibited by agencies Centralized formal leadership
Many nations have found it necessary to centralize official leadership for the sake of building new national unity and identity. Intensification of efforts at nation-wide development brings the necessity for informal leadership at the village level; but such unofficial, complementary leadership has not forcefully emerged in many Third World suburban communities. Leadership patterns, as they have emerged in the village, relate to a relatively small group. The absence of broad leadership in business, education, social welfare and other arenas of society overburdens the present leaders and hinders community-wide engagement.
While current leaders may provide essential social stability and guidance to a village, the means must be found to nurture a broader spectrum of leadership among established residents, new residents, women and educated youth. The young men, especially those who have vision and the experience of a modern education, often leave the village to find other arenas in which to exercise their creative energies and talents. Structural vehicles for citizen engagement and decision-making are still irregular and do not cover the full spectrum of decisions that residents now demand.
Although it is increasingly evident that full utilization of the leadership skills of all community residents is a prerequisite for progress, the outdated social methods, unfocused planning and ineffective meetings in many areas are indications that latent local leadership has neither been identified nor motivated to assume leadership roles.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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