Ineffective monitoring of restrictive business practices due to inadequate regulation
There are two main difficulties which confront authorities in obtaining information on restrictive practices from firms, in particular as regards such involving the activities of transnational corporations. These are: (a) company refusals to supply information because of its so-called secret nature since it relates to intra-company relations; and (b) states' unwillingness to permit companies within their jurisdiction to transmit documents requested by foreign authorities or courts. It is often the subsidiaries or parent companies of transnational corporations located in foreign countries which possess the information requested, and hence the ability to obtain such information depends not only on the willingness of the company in question to provide it, but also on the willingness of governments in foreign countries to permit the supply of the information requested.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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