Genocide is a crime under international law and condemned by the civilized world. It includes any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group:
In all periods of history genocide has inflicted great losses on humanity. It has been practised against Armenians during the Ottoman Empire; against Hebrews, Slavs, and other racial groups during the Hitler regime (1933-1945); by the Khmer Rouge (under Pol Pot) in Kampuchea; against the Baha'is in Iran; by the Tutsi against the Hutu in Burundi in 1965, 1972 and 1988; by the Iraqis against the Kurds; by Paraguayans against the Ache Indians before 1974 and a number of others.
The Holocaust was the systematic murder of 6 million Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and "mental defectives" in Europe by the Nazis during and prior to World War II. Most were killed in gas chambers; but also infants were bayoneted for fun, workers thought to be slacking were casually shot in mid-conversation, pregnant women were kicked into parturition, and children's skulls were smashed against the wheels of railroad cars.