Missing institutions Obstacles to industrial development Absence of industrial support services Uncoordinated business development
Pioneer industries in developing areas are likely to suffer from the absence of other establishments to which waste by-products might be passed. They may also be handicapped by the absence of institutions which in a more developed society would help to improve the skill of the labour force and facilitate the raising of capital. Where the work requires it, a new factory may have to organize its own training facilities - again a cost-raising expedient - but the lack of financial institutions is likely to be less tractable. This is a deterrent to industrial investment partly because it makes more difficult the raising of local capital and partly because it tends to reduce the liquidity of investment in secondary industry. In much the same way, the day-to-day operations of a manufacturing establishment are likely to be less smooth and hence less efficient, because of the absence of many of the services of insurance, credit and banking institutions which are part of the normal environment of an industrial economy.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.