In spite of the general economic decline, office space has tended to increase. This is due to the fact that the building process itself has become a major source of profit; it is now an ultimate goal and no longer a means. However, proliferation of office space has serious effects on a community. Districts which are of interest to the office market are withdrawn from small owners and from the former use by their inhabitants; inhabitants are confronted with expulsion; houses decay; remaining residents have long-term building and construction yards "on their doorsteps"; and when the offices are finally completed, there are resultant heavy traffic flows and parking problems.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.