Inadequate plant quarantine

Other Names:
Inadequate phyto-sanitary regulations

Through the international exchange of plants and plant products, many harmful insects and destructive plant diseases have travelled with their hosts to distant lands. Inadequate plant quarantine services have failed to exclude such pests and diseases, many of which have become established with even greater vigour in their new environments.


Plant pests and diseases destroy over 20% of the potential world harvest annually. Among the hundreds of noxious insects and plant diseases that countries seek to exclude through quarantine regulations and controls are the golden nematode of potatoes and tomatoes, pink bollworm of cotton and cotton boll weevil, harmful species of fruit flies, such as the Mediterranean oriental and Mexican fruit flies and the melon fly, Colorado potato beetle, citrus canker and various virus diseases. Because there is greater impetus behind species introduction, commercial and otherwise, and behind international transport, than there is behind quarantine controls, the execution of controls remains inadequate, and plant pests and diseases are carried to new regions on plant products, seed and nursery stock. The worldwide distribution of many major crop and forest pests - the Hessian fly, Japanese beetle, Colorado potato beetle, grape fungus [Phylloxera], spruce sawfly and gypsy moth; tree diseases - Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight; and crop diseases - golden nematode of potatoes, potato blight and vine powdery mildew - testify to the ability of man to spread plant pests and disease.

Broader Problems:
Inadequate quarantine
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST