Mass unemployment of human resources Inadequate use of manpower
Mass unemployment is a complex matter in transient, suburban, developing communities. Large numbers of people are tending to move to the city to seek employment. Many of these newcomers (and many of the original residents as well) are not trained in the skills and methods necessary for a rapidly expanding, technologically oriented economy. In addition, the young people find, when they finish school that they are vying with hundreds of others for every available job in the city. Likewise, the young educated women are not meaningfully employed in the over-crowded families but cannot find openings in the job market. Family care structures ensure the support of these people, often "carrying" them for years in the hope that an opportunity will arise. These circumstances have produced a large force of unemployed urban residents while an extensive amount of necessary work remains untackled in their own home villages. This mass of disengaged and unproductive people not only means that something positive that could be done is not done, but has the negative effect of a drain both economically and psychologically on the community: the support of the unemployed leads to even more reduced family resources; and the inactivity and unused energy of the unemployed, and especially the young, fosters a mood of hopelessness.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.