Problem

Pesticide residues in food

Nature:

In the developed countries over-production of food has been achieved by using pesticides, agrochemicals, fertilizers, antibiotics and hormones. Governments may have approved the use of some pesticides that are known or suspected of causing a range of problems from cancer to allergies. It was found out that potentially toxic pesticides "bound" with cereals making them impossible to detect, destroy or wash away. Pesticide residues, caused by spray drift and soil contamination, have even been found on samples of organically grown food in the UK. It is now officially stated that there is no such thing as pesticide-free food in the UK.

Incidence:

The chemical industry produces the equivalent of three kgs of pesticide for every man, woman and child of the world each year. In 1990, almost 25,000 tonnes was used, around 450 grams per person. According to Greenpeace, consumers in northern Europe are estimated to ingest more than 40 different pesticide residues in food and drink each day. The existing food laws in many countries prohibit the inclusion of most of the trace elements into food, but despite these laws considerable quantities of trace elements are brought into food by insecticides.

The existing food laws in many countries prohibit the inclusion of most of the trace elements into food, but despite these laws considerable quantities of trace elements are brought into food by insecticides. In the USA the tolerance levels include highly toxic lead in 16 fruit and vegetable products, arsenic in 26, fluorine in 28, and antimony in 2. The presence of the trace element copper has been admitted in more than a hundred agricultural or horticultural products in the USA; bromide in 138 products including cereals, zinc in 71, and tin in one. In other countries the so-called trace elements are also admitted, with the occasional exception of lead, arsenic, antimony and fluorine.

Values:
Residues
References:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: index and summary of report of joint meetings of FAO and WHO Expert Bodies on pesticide residues 1965-1978.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1977): report of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1977
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: evaluations
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1979): report of the Joint Meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1979
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1979): evaluations; data and recommendations of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1979
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1980): report of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Rome, 1980
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: evaluations; data and recommendations of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Rome, 1980
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: report on the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1981
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: evaluations of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva 1981
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: report of the Joint Meeting FAO / WHO, Rome, 1982
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1982): evaluations, monographs
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: report of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1983
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1983): evaluations, monographs
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1984): report of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Rome, 1984
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1984): the monographs
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food (1985): report of the joint meeting FAO / WHO, Geneva, 1985
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Residues
World Health Organization: Health Aspects of Chemical Safety: pesticide residue analysis: proceedings of a joint FAO / WHO course (Eger, Hungary, 1983)
Ecobichon, Donald J and Joy, Robert M: Pesticides and Neurological Diseases
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Pesticide Residues in Food: joint report of the FAO Working Party on Pesticide Residues and the WHO Expert Committee on Pesticide Residues
FAO-WHO Experts on Pesticide Residues: Pesticide Residues in Food: report of the FAO-WHO experts on pesticide
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
Date of last update
13.05.2019 – 17:02 CEST