Working parents often face a pernicious conflict between time for earning and time for caring. Fathers who work long hours to earn a good living find themselves excluded from their children's lives. The roles of the workplace can often cause conflict at home.
Males in the USA experienced a doubling from 1985 to 1988 of certain work-family conflicts. Most centred around the switch from dealing with children instead of managers, adjusting to children's agendas, dealing with the frustrations of disorganization in the home, and lack of time to establish good relationships with their family. Discouraged by family pressures, many men dive even deeper into work. Employed people in the USA spend 163 hours more per year on the job than they did in 1969, and those who are parents spend 40% less time with their children than in 1965.
Many fathers are so accustomed to appearing confident and ain command that they are afraid to look fallible or vulnerable at home. It's important to be a leader at work, and most of the time that means being right. But at home it means he sometimes jumps to conclusions too fast, acts like a boss, makes plans, judgements and issues orders.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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