Environmental hazards from tobacco and tobacco manufactures
Tobacco cultivation causes the loss of forests; constant handling of fresh tobacco leaves can cause nicotine poisoning; processing of dry leaf causes tobacco dust, giving rise to respiratory diseases among workers; consumption of tobacco products is linked to cancer; and discarded remnants of cigarettes and cigars are a major source of litter and environmental disfigurement. In addition, burning discards cause home and forest fires; and discards spread disease germs and add to the costs of all public services, since they must be removed and the receptacles provided for them cleaned. Service workers are exposed to health risks in performing such janitorial tasks.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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