Industrial enterprises require, and continually make use of, various supporting services, including industrial research, feasibility studies, laboratory testing, industrial extension services, consultant services, training services, administration of industrial standards, economic and financial services (including special incentives), marketing services, and exhibitions.
In the developing countries, industry is even more dependent upon such outside services. The average enterprise is likely to be small and unable to provide its own special engineering, research or testing units. Hence centrally organized industrial services, which are available and used to a great extent in industrially developed countries, are especially needed in the developing countries. But such services are less likely to be available in the developing countries and even where they exist, they generally lack experience and expertise.