Regardless of the advances in the cause of equal opportunity between the sexes, the fact remains that they have really been quite marginal in changing the division of responsibility. Women are the ones who bear children, thus most of the problems emanating from career interruption affect them.
In addition to the sexism of the premise that men have the right and even the duty to work while women have to fit home duties in between their careers, it could also be financially unwise for women to interrupt their careers. A recent UK researcher has estimated that mothers with average earnings potential lose $70,000 in lifetime earnings by raising two children, and with three children, that figure rises to $85,000.
The societal and governmental barriers which in effect make it so difficult to combine motherhood with career are a means of inflicting cash penalties on becoming a mother and result in a wasteful under-utilization of female resources in the labour market.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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