Other Names: Unemployment of women
Nature: Women are generally more likely to be victims of unemployment than men, due to factors as diverse as recession, lack of education, and discrimination.
Incidence: In the OECD countries, female unemployment exceeds male unemployment by anything from 30 to 100% (except Japan, where the rate is slightly higher for the males). In the EEC/EU countries it averaged 40% higher (11% for women compared with 6.5% for men in 1990). In 1993/94, Hungary and Slovenia were the only two countries in Europe with higher male unemployment than female.
Claim: The level of female unemployment, based on registration, likely to understate its actual level in countries, such as the UK, where many women work part-time or under other atypical work contracts with no benefits or entitlements, and thus little incentive to register as unemployed. This could also be true for countries where unemployment benefits are low.
Problem Type: C: Cross-sectoral problems
Date of last update 07.02.1997 – 00:00 CET