Problem

Female unemployment

Other Names:
Unemployment of women
Unemployed girls
Nature:

Women are generally more likely to be victims of unemployment than men, due to factors as diverse as recession, lack of education, and discrimination.

Background:

Women's employment has rise sharply in the industrialized world since WW II. In the USA in 1960, twice as many women were at work as in 1940, and by the mid-1980's, nearly two thirds of all women from 20 to 64 were employed. In Europe in 1992, women make up 51% of the population of working age but only 39% of the employed; the corresponding figures for men are 49% and 61%, respectively. (This is an average; in Denmark, for example it is more nearly equal where women are 1.4 million of the 2.9 million in the labour force).

Incidence:

In the OECD countries, female unemployment exceeds male unemployment by anything from 30 to 100% (except Japan, where the rate is slightly higher for the males). In the EEC/EU countries it averaged 40% higher (11% for women compared with 6.5% for men in 1990). In 1993/94, Hungary and Slovenia were the only two countries in Europe with higher male unemployment than female.

Broader Problems:
Unemployment
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Problem Type:
C: Cross-sectoral problems
Date of last update
10.07.2019 – 20:39 CEST