Problem

Copper ore and concentrates shortage

Nature:
Copper is extensively used as a conducting material in many industries. It has a base-life-index of between 30-60 years at current rate of extraction.
Incidence:
If the consumption level of developing countries were to grow to that of rich industrial countries, then copper reserves would only last 9.6 more years (1994 estimate).
Counter Claim:
Substitutes for copper have been found and in many of its former uses it is already replaced.
Values:
Shortage
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Date of last update
08.12.1999 – 00:00 CET