Copper ore and concentrates shortage

Copper is extensively used as a conducting material in many industries. It has a base-life-index of between 30-60 years at current rate of extraction.
If the consumption level of developing countries were to grow to that of rich industrial countries, then copper reserves would only last 9.6 more years (1994 estimate).
Counter Claim:
Substitutes for copper have been found and in many of its former uses it is already replaced.
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Date of last update
08.12.1999 – 00:00 CET