Disproportionate involvement of scientists in defence research
Dependence of science on military research funding
Following the end of the Cold War, scientists in many fields have been faced with termination of projects in defence-related fields, or the sharp reduction of funding. Because much research in universities, notably in the USA, was directly or indirectly funded from defence budgets, the consequence has been a sharp decline in university research and the acceptance of doctoral candidates. It has been argued that this will result in less open-ended research essential to the pursuit of unusual ideas from which many major innovations have emerged. The emerging trend towards focused research has resulted in increased spending on technological applications at the expense of basic scientific research. As a result many scientists have become unemployed or have had to seek employment outside their field.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.