Although developing countries account for some 60% of world exports and generate some 40% of world trade, their share of the world fleet stands at 13%, representing an average annual rate of growth of 13.5% since 1971. Their share of world shipping is divided into 21.7% of world general cargo and 13.8% of containership, 11.6% of world dry bulk carriers and 9.7% of world tankers. The importance attached by developing countries to shipping is highlighted by the fact that the International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade calls for structural change in the industry and for a 20% share of world shipping for developing countries by the year 1990.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.