Misappropriation of resources for high cost civil engineering projects
Undesirable consequences of development megaprojects
Megaprojects disrupt environments and sometimes dislocate a previously stable domestic and agricultural way of life for many people. In several tropical and subtropical settings there have been inadequately foreseen health impacts, such as vector-borne diseases.
During the 1960s and the 1970s, large-scale development projects, including dams, highways and industrial schemes, were implemented. Many of these ended in bankruptcy in the 1980s whilst the environmental degradation they engendered became increasingly apparent in the form of razed forests, depleted fisheries, and desertification. In the 1990s a new generation of mega-projects is being developed which are completely out of scale with the lives of the people whose land they will use. Such projects include: diversion of water from the Zaire to Chad; construction of equatorial space ports in Indonesia (Biak) and Australia (Cape York); electrical grid linking Middle Eastern Islamic countries; damming the Yangtse; construction of a second Panama canal; damming the Mekong (Three Gorges Dam); exploitation of Cameroon forests; exploitation of the Saharan aquifer; construction of the Narmada dam (India).
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.