Lack of refresher courses in professional fields Under-developed continuing education
Constant progress in research, rapid building-up of new information, and accelerating technology require those in the professions (law, engineering, medicine, etc) to continue acquiring knowledge and techniques throughout their working lives. This need is unsatisfied in many educational systems. A major bottleneck, particularly in the development and utilization of technology, lies in the inadequate provision for the training of manpower with middle-level skills. This includes young adults, both men and women, with training above that acquired through traditional skill training and below that normally obtained in universities. It covers such work as that done by para-professionals, technologists and technicians, whose functions increasingly entail the exercise of both technical and managerial responsibilities. This is also the group of people who are increasingly affected by unemployment, aggravated by the movement of the population bulge (which exists in many countries) from adolescents to young adults.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.