Inadequate infant welfare Deficient infant care Infant mortality due to parental abuse and chronic neglect Child neglect
Newborns and infants, particularly within the least advantaged socio-economic strata, are at particular risk of developmental deficit or disability, from injury, disease, malnutrition and lack of access to health care during their earliest life.
A 1982 study of violent and suspicious childhood deaths suggests that two to three children under 6 years of age are dying each week in New York City as a result of parental abuse or chronic neglect and the failure of private and city agencies to intervene. City officials acknowledged that confirmed cases of child abuse and neglect in the city had soared 140% in the last decade to more than 20,000 children, of whom 112 died of parental abuse or neglect. The report said most of the deaths occurred in impoverished families with high rates of criminal activity and domestic violence and with one or both parents affected by drugs, alcohol, mental illness or retardation. Nearly all the families had extensive contacts with government and private agencies responsible for detecting, reporting and helping to prevent the abuse and neglect of children.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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